Sitting in the renowned region of Cappadocia, Turkey, the city of Goreme has been a tourist attraction for decades because of its incredible natural rock formations known as the “fairy chimneys” ;.Believed to possess been carved to the volcanic rock, Goreme is the gateway to the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Goreme National Park, which comes with a one-of-a-kind landscape.
The park and the Goreme valley is a strong reflection of Byzantine art, which flourished during the Iconoclastic period. Here, you’ll find not only the famous chimney rock formations by also the ruins of traditional habitats which were built such as for example underground towns, residences, and troglodyte villages, dating as far back as the 4th century. Goreme is pretty small and can certainly be navigated on foot. If you don’t desire to walk, you can even rent bicycles, scooters and motorcycles to access specific locations. The nearby underground cities of Derinkuyu and Kaymakli as well as the bigger towns of Avanos and Urgup can certainly be reached from Goreme through public transport, particularly bus and mini buses.
When you reach Goreme, you can easily arrange a tour from one of the several travel agencies that offer day trips to the underground cities and the ancient churches. Most excursions also incorporate a visit to a quaint shop that sells local products like pottery and carpet. But the main site to explore of this type is the Goreme Open Air museum, which happens to be merely a 15-minute walk from the city center. This fascinating museum features a great group of fairy chimneys and caves, which were turned into monasteries and churches. By paying the admission fee, you’ll access all individual sites in the complex including the church in a cave, situated away from museum entrance and throughout the highway.
Walking through the museum provides you with the opportunity to learn more about and admire closely the geological formations, and how men in the early times, used them to be places of worship and sanctuary. A number of the churches still maintain their original frescoes and geometric motifs. You can find eleven refectories in the museum complex that are equipped with their particular church as well as rock-cut chairs and tables. Such churches are believed to possess been built during the 10th, 11th and 12th centuries.
Among the more important sites in the Goreme Open Air Museum is the Nunnery. This rock mass goes as high as 6-7 stories. Make sure to visit the first and second floor of the Nunnery that contains the dining hall and the chapel, respectively. You can access the 3rd story of the building, where in fact the church resides, through a tunnel. Of all the churches in the complex, the Dark Church or Karanlik Kilise appears to attract visitors the absolute most, although there is an extra charge for those who desire to enter this church.