Broom finish, flagstone, color, texture, swirling, and more. All finishes to newly poured concrete. And all finishes anyone can do themselves. Any one particular finishes can give your patio or sidewalk something besides the same kind of look. The questions are, what would you do and how will you get it done? However before we get that far, I’m assuming you learn how to prepare, form, mix and pour the concrete. Or even, go to link resource box for information that will assist you. And if you do, read on.
Let’s start with Broom Finishing. It’s not too difficult to do. When the concrete surface is sufficiently set drag a smooth broom or brush lightly across the concrete. For even less texture wait until the surface has further hardened. With concrete the timing is important. If your initial brooming left fat a finish you must retrowel the top to eliminate all traces of the first finish concrete services, wait several (or more) minutes and rebroom. If you like the design of the broom finish, but think something extra in the brooming would look better. Try this. As you drag the broom across the top of one’s concrete pad move it back and forth sideways merely a little. No more than 2 – 3 inches in each direction. Doing that will put what’s know as a wavy finish to your concrete sidewalk or patio.
Another way to offer your sidewalk or patio a different appearance is by using a layer or swirling finish. Each is performed by using a wood hand float whilst the concrete continues to be fairly wet (again trial and error. The swirling look is performed by randomly moving the wood float across the top in no apparent pattern. It’ll rough up the top and give it a fairly coarse look. The shell finish is performed in the same fashion, but, instead of the swirling random strokes, a layer pattern is applied. For the shell finish you support the wood float at first glance of the concrete and move the the surface of the float from side to side while keeping the bottom of the float in a single place. Then move the float right close to your first shell and do another (again trial and error. Keep this up until the entire surface has been covered with your shell pattern. You most likely must make several attempts only at that before you are pleased with how it looks. Don’t get discouraged if it doesn’t look’right’at first. Just practice several strokes and it should come to you.
Color is undoubtedly the quickest and easiest thing you are able to do to offer your concrete a different look. You will find three methods to color your concrete. The very first is to put color in the concrete mix before it is poured into the forms. The second way is to apply it to the top of the concrete whilst it continues to be wet. And the next is staining.
You can aquire color and stains for concrete at just about any lumberyard and do-it-yourself store. None of the three color methods are difficult to do. With the first you add the colour in the concrete mix before it is poured in your forms. In this instance just follow the directions given with the color. In the second method you spread the colour uniformly across the top of one’s concrete whilst it continues to be wet and then use the float to spread it around and into the concrete. Then finish the concrete as usual. Staining is the last color method. You will find two forms of stain. Regular and semi-transparent and both are put on new concrete after it’s cured. Regular stain is much like paint. It continues and covers completely. Semi-transparent stain goes for a passing fancy way (use a paintbrush, a spray can, a roller, I saw one completed with a mop and it looked pretty good), but there’s a difference. It could be applied in layers. Considering that the stain is semi-transparent the prevailing surface of one’s concrete sidewalk or patio will show through the first few layers of stain. The more times you apply the stain to the top the less the first concrete coloration below will show up. In this situation it’s all a matter of preference.
A flagstone pattern finish is just a little trickier compared to the others. Here you float as usual and then make the flagstone whilst the concrete continues to be workable. Get a piece of 1/2 or 3/4″ inch diameter copper pipe and bend it into an S shape. Keep one end of the pipe and press another into the concrete. Then just pull it across the surface. What you are wanting to do is make a falgstone pattern with random geometric shapes at first glance of the concrete. After you have finished with making the flagstone you will need to refloat the concrete. The ultimate step here’s whether you’ll need a boom finish on the surface of the flagstone or perhaps a smooth one. For a broom finish you follow the last listed instructions.
Finally there are many other effects you can give concrete. A leaf finish is unquestionably distinctive. After floating and troweling just press some leaves into the top right after troweling. They should be embedded completely, but not covered. Leave them in place until the concrete is set and then remove them. Other things can be pressed into concrete for patterns too. You may make round impressions in the top by using cans. What you believe might will leave an attractive mark on the concrete may be worth considering. Give it a try.
One finish I didn’t discuss is exposed aggregate. I believe it could be too hard for a person with limited or no previous experience working together with concrete.