The adoption of biometric authentication systems has presented an emerging approach to preventing and reducing the cases of identity theft and security breaches. While these problems open several challenges involving people’s privacy and the security of the biometric data, inter-operability features have been adopted to increase the accuracy and reliability of biometric authentication systems. Using pertinent information such as for instance social security number, passwords, fingerprints and other proofs of identity, various designs of factor authentication mechanisms have been required to enforce stronger and more accurate identity matching and verifications.
The utilization of various security factors in authentication systems have been used along with other biometric authentication systems like fingerprint scanning. Whether it involved 2 factor or multi factor authentication stages, the main goal with this technology is to improve security. By requiring two or more independent items of information for authentication, it reduces the danger posed by weaker password enabled security features, which are simple to crack or hack. Overall, it presents a straightforward, intuitive and stronger automated identity verification as well as account and password authentication process.
This technology uses authentication factors, which simply are items of information that requires to be processed to authenticate and verify the entity and identity of the person requesting passage or access. Under various security constraints, the two-factor authentication process uses two independent factors to establish higher degree of authentication assurance help with being authentic. It typically involves a signing on process which elicits information from the person requesting access. This system may ask that person about “something he knows” like passwords or security/PIN codes, “something he has” like tokens or smart cards, and “something he is” like iris or fingerprint scans.
However, if the system solicits multiple information or answers to security questions, then the method of authentication is considered multi-factor in nature. Multi-factor system of authentication involves two or more kinds of factors, which might employ items of security information along with biometric scans and other possible means of cryptographic biometric and traditional security keys.
The main element advantage to using a number of security keys to biometric as well as security authentication systems is the usage of unanticipated combinations of factors permitting or limiting the access to certain entries. This system deeply supports the federated identity management system.
Factor authentication is visible anywhere. It’s utilized in laboratories, corporations, offices, hospitals and even in certain local ATM machines, online banking and online shopping systems and in modern devices like laptops and cell phones. With the usage of the provided hardware, people get to take pleasure from a dependable and highly secure credential vault that is heavily protected from all known means of breaches.
Although the system is highly reliable, in the case that biometric information and all the security keys are compromised, the system is susceptible to attacks. The security information might be copied. Because the templates and information saved in the database where the system refers, compromised security information cannot be instantly and easily changed. Also, there is a good chance that some users may forget a number of the security information they have provided, though this can be solved by maintaining one answer for many security questions. By using more security factors in authentication procedures, these problems might be controlled and solved.